An introduction to hyperparasitism
This factsheet provides an introduction to the biology, behaviour and recognition of the main groups of hyperparasitoids which commonly attack the primary parasitoids used for biological control of aphids in UK crops.
This includes informantion on:
- What hyperparasitism looks like in pepper crops
- How to identify adult hyperparasitoids
- Information on the financial implications of hyperparasitism
This information was last updated in 2012.